The Department of Power (Electricity), Government of Assam is primarily responsible for providing adequate and quality power to the people of the state. To achieve this objective, the department formulates policies and programmes and monitors implementation thereof to achieve the objective of providing power to the state. The Department provides a legal and policy framework for smooth functioning of the delivery system and coordinated development of the power sector in the state.
The development of Electric power generation and supply somehow could not receive due attention and priorities in the erstwhile integrated state of Bihar. Inspite of being the second most populous state endowed with all natural resources, the state had the distinction of having the least capacity of power generation. The state had a paltry 1500 MW installed capacity i.e. a meagre 20 watts per capita against national average of 100 watts per capita. After the reorganization of the state into two smaller states, Bihar and Jharkhand, the government of Jharkhand has decided and is determined to take quantum jumps in generating capacity addition from its present figure of about 1500 MW its inheritance from the integrated state. The state of Jharkhand has taken up this as challenging opportunity and scope to develop. Shortly after the formation of the Jharkhand state from erstwhile Bihar, department of energy and department of water resources were functioning jointly. Soon after, these were bifurcated, the department of energy started functioning independently. The department has under it different corporations, authorities and undertakings / projects such as:
1. Jharkhand State Electricity Board
2. Tenughat Vidyut Nigam Limited
3. Jharkhand Renewable Energy Development Authority
4. Electricity Licensing Board
Experience all over the world has shown that enhanced accessibility to electricity enhances lifestyles leading to higher demand of electricity. The per-capita consumption of the consumers in Delhi is more than 1400 units per annum as against the national average of 355 units. Delhi, being an urban place with high load density, has seen the electricity consumption increasing from 20040.22 MUs in 2003-04 to 23790.99 MUs in 2009-10. The increase in percentage terms is 18.71% for Delhi for the past seven years. Power sector has become a serious challenge for the Government as it is the primary driver for all round development of the territory.
The department through its Electric Works Department carries out and maintains the internal electricity system in the government buildings of the State. Under the provisions of the electricity act, 2003 and Indian electricity rules, 1956 the department has established the Electrical Inspectorate to carry out inspection of electrical installations and oversee public safety with regard to electricity and settle disputes regarding electricity supply system.
The Department of Energy was created on 24th April, 1990 consequent upon bifurcation of the erstwhile Irrigation and Power Department. Orissa is the first State in the Country to take up Power Sector Reform to ensure stable and quality power at a reasonable cost. The Energy Department has Public Sector Undertakings viz: Grid Corporation of Orissa Limited (GRIDCO), Orissa Power Transmission Corporation Ltd (OPTCL), Orissa Hydro Power Corporation Ltd (OHPC) and Orissa Power Generation Corporation Limited (OPGC) under its Administrative control. The Orissa Electricity Regulatory Commission (OERC), which is a quasijudisial independent body, ensure a transparent regulatory regime in the power sector of the State. To govern various aspects of power sector coordinating with all central and state level power utilities in a manner that the resources and activities are judiciously targeted towards betterment of the society. Formulates plans, policies, acts, rules and undertakes developmental activities. Inspects and certifies all electrical installations in the state for adherence/compliance to acts, rules and safety standards. Collects
electricity duty against energy sold. Investigates for expansion of generation, transmission and utilization of electricity
Energy and Petrochemicals Department is one of the administrative department of sachivalaya. The subjects assigned to the energy and petrochemicals department in rules of business and administrative set-up thereof has been mentioned respective in annexure A and annexure B. Energy and petrochemicals department contains hierarchy of a principal secretary as the head of department, three deputy secretaries, one director to rail movement and five under secretaries. The working of the department is divided in four branches, each headed by section officer i.e.class II Gazatted officer.